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《国家畜禽遗传资源目录》专家解读④丨促进养牛业持续健康发展

河北快三官网  《GUOJIACHUQINYICHUANZIYUANMULU》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《MULU》)SHEJIDENIUZHONGBAOKUOLEPUTONGNIU、LIUNIU、SHUINIU、MAONIU、DAENIU,JUNSHICHUANTONGDEJIAYANGDONGWU,ZAIZHONGGUOYANGZHILISHIYOUJIU,SHIRENLEISHEHUIBUKEQUESHAODESHENGCHANHESHENGHUOZILIAO,YUNONGYESHENGCHANHERENLEISHENGHUOXUYAOMIQIEXIANGGUAN。

  PUTONGNIU(Bos taurus)ZAOZAI8000NIANQIANJIUZAIXIYAHEZHONGGUOBEIXUNHUA。HEBEIKUAISANGUANWANGTONGCHANGSHUODEYIYONGHUANGNIU、NAINIU、ROUNIUDENGDOUSHUYUPUTONGNIUDEFANCHOU,SIYANGSHULIANGDUO,FENBUDIYUGUANGFAN。PUTONGNIUZAIJINDAIFENHUAXUANYUCHENGRUYONG、ROUYONGHUORUROUJIANYONGDENGDUOYUANHUADEPINZHONG,GENGSHIRENLEIGENJUSHENGCHANHESHENGHUOFAZHANXUYAOJINGXINXUANZEHEDINGXIANGPEIYUDEJIEGUO,YURENLEISHENGCUNYUFAZHANXIXIXIANGGUAN。WOGUOXIANYOUPUTONGNIUDIFANGPINZHONG、PEIYUPINZHONGHEYINJINPINZHONG70DUOGE,SIYANGGUIMOYUE8000WANTOU,ZAIFAZHANWOGUOXIANDAIYANGNIUYE,GAISHANCHENGXIANGJUMINSHANSHIJIEGOUHEBANGZHUGUANGDANONGMINQUNZHONGTUOPINZHIFUDENGFANGMIANFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

河北快三官网  LIUNIU(Bos Indicus)YUANCHANYUYINDU,SHUCAOSHIXINGFANCHUJIACHU,YESHIZAIQUANSHIJIESIYANGSHULIANGJIAODUODENIUZHONG,YINZAIQIJIABUYOUYIJIROUZUZHILONGQISILIUERDEMING,YOURUYONG、ROUYONGJIYIYONGDENGLEIXING,SHIREDAIDIQUDETEYOUNIUZHONG,ZAIYINDUDENGDONGNANYAGUOJIAHEBAXIDENGNANMEIGUOJIAYOUDALIANGSIYANG。WOGUOYU20SHIJI40NIANDAIYINRUSHAOLIANGLIUNIUPINZHONG(RUXINDIHONGNIU、POLUOMENNIU),ZAIHAINANDAO、YUNNANDENGDISIYANG,SHULIANGJIAOSHAO,DANDUIWOGUONANFANGDIQUHUANGNIUZHONGQUNDEYINGXIANGJIAODA,WOGUOXUDUODIFANGHUANGNIUPINZHONGJUNHANYOULIUNIUDEXUETONG。TEBIESHIPOLUOMENLIUNIUYINJINWOGUO,CANYULEYUNLINGNIUDENGPINZHONGDEPEIYU,DUIGAISHANNANFANGPUTONGNIUDEKANGJISHENGCHONGBINGNENGLIJUYOUZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

  SHUINIU(Bubalus bubalis)SHIWOGUONANFANGDIQUDEZHONGYAOCHUZHONG。JUSHILIAOJIZAI,ZHONGGUOSHUINIUJINGGUOXUNHUAXUANYUHESIYANGGUANLIYIYOU7000NIANZHIJIU,SHUINIUZHUYAOZUOWEIZHONGGUONANFANGSHUIDAODIQUNONGYESHENGCHANZHONGDECHUANTONGYIYONGHUOCHU,DUITUIDONGDANGSHINONGYESHENGCHANLIDETIGAOFAHUILEJIQIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。JUFAOTONGJI,2018NIANWOGUOSHUINIUCUNLANSHUYUEWEI2300WANTOU,SHULIANGSHANGJINCIYUYINDUHEBAJISITAN,WEIJUSHIJIEDISANWEI。SHUINIUYOUFENWEIHELIUXING(river buffalo)HEZHAOZEXING(swamp buffalo)LIANGGEYAZHONG,HELIUXINGSHUINIUDUOWEIRUYONGXINGSHUINIU,ERZHAOZEXINGSHUINIUDUOWEIYIYONGXINGSHUINIU。MUQIANWOGUOYOUSHUINIUDIFANGPINZHONG26GE,DUOWEIZHAOZEXING;YINJINPINZHONG3GE,JUNSHIHELIUXINGSHUINIU。

  MAONIU(Bos Grunniens)QIYUANYUWOGUO,SHIYIGEGULAOERYUANSHIDENIUZHONG,ZHUYAOFENBUZAIWOGUOQINGZANGGAOYUANHEBUFENZHONGYAGAOYUAN,SHIQINGZANGGAOYUANSHANGSHAOSHUMINZUDEZHONGYAOJIACHU。WOGUOMAONIUSHULIANGZHANSHIJIEZONGSHULIANGDE85%YISHANG。JIAMAONIUSHIYOUYEMAONIUXUNHUAERLAI,ZHUYAOSHENGHUOZAIQINGZANGGAOYUANHAIBA3000m5000mDEGAOHANCAOYUANDIQU,NENGNAIYANHANNAIQUEYANG,SHIZANGQUDANGDIMUMINSHENGCHANROU、NAI、PI、MAODENGSHENGHUOBIXUPINHEZHONGYAODEJINGJISHOURULAIYUAN。WOGUOGUDAIQIANGRENZAOZAI3000DUONIANQIANDEYINZHOUSHIQI,JIUYONGMAONIUHEHUANGNIUJINXINGZHONGJIANZAJIAO,CHENGGONGFANZHICHUPIANNIU。HUILIYONGZAZHONGYOUSHI,ZHEISHIFANYUJISHUDEYIDAJINBU。MAONIULIERU《MULU》YOUZHUYUWEIHUZHENGCHANGDEMAONIUCHANYEDESHENGCHANZHIXU,YOUZHUYUMAONIUSHENGTAIXUEDEKEXUEYANJIU,YEYOUZHUYUWEIHUMAONIUZHONGQUNDEYOUXUFANYANHESHENGTAIPINGHENG。

  DAENIU(Bos Frontalis)ZAIWOGUOZHUYAOFENBUZAIYUNNANSHENGGONGSHANXIANDULONGJIANGLIUYUYIDAI,YOUCHENGDULONGNIU,SHIDULONGJIANGLIUYUDULONGZURENMINJIANGYESHENGDAENIUZHANGQIXUNYANGHEZIRANXUANZEXINGCHENGDE,QIXUNHUASHIJIANJUCHUANYIYOUBAINIANYISHANG。DULONGNIUMISHINENGLIQIANG,CHANGHUODONGYUHAIBA2000mSHANGXIADEGAOSHANCAOCONGHELINDI,YOUZOUFANWEIGUANG,SHIYIGEJUYOUHENQIANGDESHIYINGXINGHEKANGNIXING、SHIYIGAOSHANXIAGUDOUPOHUANJINGSHENGCUNHEFAZHANDEZHENXINIUZHONGZIYUAN,MUQIANCUNLANSHULIANGSHIFENYOUXIAN。DULONGNIU2000NIANJIUBEILIERU《GUOJIACHUQINPINZHONGZIYUANBAOHUMINGLU》,CAIQUBAOZHONGCHANGBAOHU,XIANYOUDULONGNIUBAOZHONGCHANG4GE。ZHEICIJIANGDAENIULIERU《MULU》YOULIYUDUIDULONGNIUKAIZHANGENGYOUXIAODEYICHUANZIYUANBAOHUHEGUANLI,ZAIZUOHAOBAOHUDEJICHUSHANG,TONGGUOKUODAQUNTISHULIANG、JIAQIANGXUANYUHEKAIFALIYONGSHIXIANYOUXIAOBAOZHONG。

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