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《国家畜禽遗传资源目录》专家解读①丨推动畜牧业可持续发展

  《GUOJIACHUQINYICHUANZIYUANMULU》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《MULU》)ZHENGSHIGONGBU,SHINONGYENONGCUNBUJIXIANGGUANBUMENGUANCHELUOSHIQUANGUORENDACHANGWUWEIYUANHUI《GUANYUQUANMIANJINZHIFEIFAYESHENGDONGWUJIAOYI、GECHULANSHIYESHENGDONGWULOUXI、QIESHIBAOZHANGRENMINQUNZHONGSHENGMINGJIANKANGANQUANDEJUEDING》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《JUEDING》)DEYOULIJUCUO。GUOJIACHUQINYICHUANZIYUANWEIYUANHUIGENJU《MULU》,GONGBUXIHUADAOPINZHONGJIDE《GUOJIACHUQINYICHUANZIYUANPINZHONGMINGLU》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《PINZHONGMINGLU》)。《MULU》、《PINZHONGMINGLU》HEGUOJIAJI、SHENGJICHUQINYICHUANZIYUANBAOHUMINGLUDENGYIXILIEWENJIANXIANGHUXIANJIE,GOUCHENGLECHUQINYICHUANZIYUANJIBENDEJIEDING、FENLEITIXI,DUIYUGUANCHELUOSHICHUMUFA,GUIFANCHUMUYEJIANDUGUANLI,CUJINCHUMUYECHIXUJIANKANGFAZHAN,BAOZHANGRENMINQUNZHONGJIANKANGANQUAN,YIYIZHONGDA,YINGXIANGSHENYUAN。

  《目录》发布背景——落实《决定》配套畜牧法推动“畜禽”定义达成共识

河北快三官网  CHUQINSHICHUMUSHENGCHANZUIJIBENDEYAOSU,CHUQINLIANGZHONGSHITUIDONGCHUMUYEFAZHANDEJICHUHEHEXIN。《CHUMUFA》DIERTIAOGUIDING“BENFASUOCHENGCHUQIN,SHIZHILIERUYIZHAOBENFADISHIYITIAOGUIDINGGONGBUDECHUQINYICHUANZIYUANMULUDECHUQIN”;DANSHI,ZHANGQIYILAI,XUESHUJIEDUIYU“CHUQIN”DEDINGYIBUJINXIANGTONG,GEJIEDUIYUNAXIEDONGWUKEYIJIEDINGWEICHUQINSHIZHONGMEIYOUDACHENGGONGSHI,CHUTAI《MULU》DENANDUFEICHANGDA。

河北快三官网  DAZHONGDUIYUNIU、YANG、ZHU、JIDENGERSHUNENGXIANG,ZHEIXIE“CHUANTONG”JIAYANGCHUQINLIERU《MULU》BUCUNZAIZHENGYI。ZHENGLUNDEJIAODIANZAIYUMEIHUALUDENGTEZHONGCHUQIN,TAMENXUNHUASHIJIANXIANGDUIJIAODUAN、BIAOXINGYUYESHENGQINYUANZHONGZHIJIANDECHABIEBUXIANGCHUANTONGCHUQINNEIYANGMINGXIAN,SHILIERU《MULU》HAISHIANZHAOYESHENGDONGWUGUANLI,ZHANGJIUWEINENGDACHENGGONGSHI。CIWAI,JIBIANSHIDADUOSHUXUNHUACHENGGONGDEJIAYANGCHUQIN,QIYUANSHENGYESHENGZHONGYEZAIZIRANJIEZHONGTONGSHICUNZAI,RUJIAZHUYUYEZHU、JIAYAYUYEYA;GEBIEDEWUZHONGHAICUNZAIZHEJIAYANGYUQIYESHENGYUANZHONGZHIJIANDEXUEYUANHEBEIKUAISANGUANWANG。LIRU,RENMENYOUJIHUADIJIANGYEMAONIUDEXUEYUANYINRUJIAYANGMAONIUQUNTI,YIZENGDAJIAYANGMAONIUTIXING,ZENGQIANGQIKANGBINGLIYUKANGNIXING,ZHEIWUYIZENGJIALEQUFENJIAYANGCHUQINHEYESHENGDONGWUDENANDU。

河北快三官网  QUANGUORENDACHANGWEIHUI《JUEDING》MINGQUEGUIDING,“FAN《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOYESHENGDONGWUBAOHUFA》HEQITAYOUGUANFALVJINZHILIEBU、JIAOYI、YUNSHU、SHIYONGYESHENGDONGWUDE,BIXUYANGEJINZHI”“LIERUCHUQINYICHUANZIYUANMULUDEDONGWU,SHUYUJIACHUJIAQIN,SHIYONG《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCHUMUFA》DEGUIDING”,BINGYAOQIUGUOWUYUANCHUMUSHOUYIXINGZHENGZHUGUANBUMEN“YIFAZHIDINGBINGGONGBUCHUQINYICHUANZIYUANMULU”。

河北快三官网  NONGYENONGCUNBUJIXIANGGUANBUMENYIGAODUDEZHENGZHIZERENGAN、JINPOGAN、SHIMINGGAN,MIJIYANJIU,JIAKUAITUIJIN,ZAIJIAODUANDESHIJIANNEIWANCHENGLE《MULU》DEZHIDINGGONGBUGONGZUO。《MULU》MINGQUELE《CHUMUFA》DESHIYONGFANWEI,CONGKEXUEXING、ZHUANYEXINGYUSHIJIANXINGDUOWEIJIAODUQUEDINGLEJIAYANGCHUQINYUYESHENGDONGWUQUFENDEJIBENYUANZE,MINGQUELE“CHUQIN”DEGAINIAN,KEXUEJIEDINGLECHUQINZHONGLEIHECHUQINPINZHONGDEGUANXI,JICHONGFENKAOLVLEDANGQIANWOGUOCHUMUYESHENGCHANSHIJIXUQIU,YOUTONGCHOUJIANGULEGUONEIWAISHEHUI、JINGJI、WENHUA、XISUDUOYUANHUADEYAOQIU,JUYOUJIAOQIANGDEKEXUEXINGHEKECAOZUOXING。

  两大学术突破——

  明确“畜禽”概念 确定与野生动物区分原则

  《MULU》DEFABUJIANLIZAIXIANGJINDEZIYUANDIAOCHAHEYANJINDEXUESHULUNZHENGJICHUZHISHANG。WOGUOXIANHOUYUSHANGSHIJI80NIANDAI、BENSHIJICHUZUZHIKAIZHANLELIANGCIQUANGUOCHUQINYICHUANZIYUANDIAOCHA,JIBENMOQINGCHUQINYICHUANZIYUANDEJIADI,ZHANGWOLEDALIANGDEJICHUSHUJUHEZILIAO,CHUBANLE《ZHONGGUOCHUQINYICHUANZIYUANZHI》。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,GUOJIACHUQINZIYUANWEIYUANHUIZUZHIZHUANJIADUIWU,DIAODONGQUANGUODAXUE、KEYANDANWEI、CHUMUQIYEDELILIANG,WANCHENGLEZILIAOSHOUJI、YIJIANHUIZONGFENXIDENGGONGZUO,ZAIXUESHUSHANGQUDEZHONGDATUPO,JIEJUELEZHANGQIYILAIXUANERWEIJUEDELIANGDANANTI,WEIXINGZHENGBUMENJUECE、《MULU》FABUTIGONGLEJIANSHIDELILUNYIJU。

河北快三官网  YISHIQUEDINGLEQUFENJIAYANGCHUQINYUYESHENGDONGWUDEJIBENYUANZE。QUANQIUYONGYUCHUMUSHENGCHANDEJIACHU、JIAQINQUANBUYUANYUZIRANJIEDEYESHENGDONGWU,SHIZHANGQIZIRANXUANZEHERENGONGXUANYUDEJIEGUO。RENLEICONGJUJINYIWANDUONIANYIQIANDEXINSHIQISHIDAIJIUKAISHILEDUIYESHENGDONGWUDEXUNHUA,ZHUJIANXUNHUALEMA、NIU、YANG、JIHEZHUDENG。YA、E、TU、LUOTUO、GE、HUOJI、ANCHUNDENGDEXUNHUASHIYUJUJIN3000NIANZUOYOU,XUNHUALISHIXIANGDUIJIAODUAN。

  SUIZHERENLEIWENMINGJINBUHEKEJIFAZHAN,ZIRANJIEZHONGDABUFENDONGWUKEYIZAIRENGONGHUANJINGXIAXUNYANG,DANZHIYOUJISHAOSHUCHENGGONGXUNHUAWEIJIAYANGCHUQIN。HEBEIKUAISANGUANWANGJIEJIANGUONEIWAIYANJIUCHENGGUO,JIANGYANJIUZHONGDIANFANGZAIBIAOXINGTEZHENGHEQUNTIJIEGOUSHANG,QUEDINGLEQUFENJIAYANGCHUQINYUYESHENGDONGWUDESANDIANJIBENYUANZE:

  SHOUXIAN,JIAYANGCHUQINJINGLILEJIAOZHANGDEXUNHUASHIJIAN,WANCHENGLEXUNYANG(captive)HEXUNHUA(domesticate)LIANGGEGUOCHENG。ZAIXUNYANGJIEDUAN,RENLEIZHUJIANLEJIEYESHENGWUZHONGDESHENGWUXUEXIXING,SHIQINENGZAIRENGONGSIYANGHUANJINGXIASHENGCUNBINGFANYAN。XUNHUAJIEDUAN,RENLEIGENJUTEDINGMUBIAODUIXUNYANGDONGWUJINXINGDINGXIANGXUANYU,YIBANYAOJINGLISHANGBAINIANDESHIJIAN。

  QICI,JIAYANGCHUQINDEYICHUANJIEGOUHESHENGWUXUETEXINGFASHENGXIANZHUBIANHUA。ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEI: KEFUYEXING,NENGYURENHEPINGXIANGCHU;SHIHEQUNJU,NENGGENCONGLINGTOUGETIHUOFUCONGRENDEGUANLI;NENGKEFUJIJIEXINGFAQING,KEYICHANGNIANFANZHI;YUQIYUANSHIYESHENGZHONGXIANGBI,BIAOXINGFASHENGXIANZHUBIANHUA,ZHEIZHONGBIANHUA“ROUYANKEJIAN”;JUYOUZUGOUDADEZHONGQUNGUIMO,YICHUANXINGNENGWENDING。

河北快三官网  ZUIHOU,JIAYANGCHUQINLAIYUANYUYESHENGDONGWU,DANZHONGJIUSHIRENLEIHUODONGDECHANWU,HAIYAOMANZURENLEIRENLEISHENGCHANSHENGHUOXUYAO。QIZHUYAOSHENGCHANXINGNENGYUYESHENGZHONGXIANGBIYAOYOUXIANZHUTIGAO,JINGJIXINGZHUANGTUCHU,GENJUBUTONGDESIYANGXIGUANHEXUANYUFANGXIANG,KEWEIRENLEITIGONGDALIANGCHUCHANPINHUOHEBEIKUAISANGUANWANG。

  ERSHIMINGQUELE“CHUQIN”DEGAINIAN。TONGGUOZHIDING《MULU》,MINGQUECHUQINDINGYIWEI: JINGGUORENLEIZHANGQIXUNHUAHEXUANYUERCHENGDEJIAYANGDONGWU,JUYOUYIDINGQUNTIGUIMOHEYONGYUNONGYESHENGCHANDEPINZHONG,ZHONGQUNKEZAIRENGONGSIYANGTIAOJIANXIAFANYAN,WEIRENLEITIGONGROU、DAN、NAI、MAOPI、XIANWEI、YAOCAIDENGCHANPIN,HUOMANZUYIYONG、YUNDONGDENGXUYAO。QINEIHANZAIYU:

河北快三官网  SHOUXIAN,“CHUQIN”BUSHISHENGWUXUEGAINIAN,ERSHUYUCHUMUSHENGCHANXUEFANCHOU,BINGBUSHISUOYOUJIAYANGDONGWUDOUSHUYUCHUQIN。JIAYANGDONGWUCHENGWEICHUQIN,YAOYOUWENDINGDERENGONGXUANZEJINGJIXINGZHUANG,ZHUYAOZAINONGMUCHANG(HU)SHENGCHAN,YANGZHIJISHUXIANGDUICHENGSHU,JIAZHILIANXIANGDUIWANZHENG。

  QICI,YONGYUROU、DAN、NAI、PI、XIANWEI、YAOCAIDENGCHUCHANPINSHENGCHAN,JIYIYONG、YUNDONGDENGYONGTU。YONGYUQITAYONGTUDE,YAOZONGHEKAOLVRENMINQUNZHONGSHIFOUJIESHOU、SHIFOUFUHEGUOJITONGXINGZUOFAYUGUANLI。

河北快三官网  DISAN,TUCHUQUEBAORENDEJIANKANGANQUAN,JIANLILEXIANGDUIWENDINGDECHANYETIXIHEYIBINGFANGKONGTIXI。YAOZONGHEKAOLVGONGGONGWEISHENGANQUAN、SHENGTAIANQUANDENGFENGXIANHECHUANTONGWENHUA、MINZUXIGUANDENGYAOSU。

  ZUIHOU,CHUQINYIBURUGANG、NIAOGANGDONGWUWEIZHU,BUHANLIANGQI、PAXING、KUNCHONGHEQIANGCHANGLEIDENGDONGWU。

  三大突出亮点——

  应纳尽纳 界定合理条理清晰

  BENCIGONGBUDE《MULU》,HANGAICHUANTONGCHUQINHETEZHONGCHUQINLIANGDALEI33GEWUZHONG。ZHENGSHIFABUQIAN,GONGKAIXIANGQUANSHEHUIGUANGFANZHENGJIYIJIAN。CONGFANKUIDEQINGKUANGKAN,HUODELEXUESHUJIE、XINGYEHEQUNZHONGDEGUANGFANRENKE。《MULU》JUYOUYIXIASANDATUCHULIANGDIAN:

  《MULU》BAOKUOJIAYANGCHUQIN33ZHONG,QIZHONGJIBAOKUOLENIU、YANG、ZHU、JIDENG17GECHUANTONGCHUQIN,YEHANGAILEJUYOUZHONGYAOJINGJIJIAZHIDELU、DIAO、HU、ZHIJIDENG16GETEZHONGCHUQIN,JIBENSHIXIANLEJIAYANGCHUQINYINGNAJINNA。

  GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,WOGUOTEZHONGCHUQINYANGZHIFAZHANXUNMENG,CHANYEGUIMOGUOQIANYI,YICHENGWEIWOGUOCHUMUYEDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,DUIZENGJIANONGMINSHOURU、MANZUSHICHANGGONGJIFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。ZAIYIXIEPINKUNDIQU,TEZHONGCHUQINYANGZHICHENGWEITUOPINZHIFUDEYOUXIAOTUJING。JIANGTEZHONGCHUQINLIERU《MULU》,YOUXIAODIJIEJUELEJIAOCHAGUANLIDENGWENTI,QILIANGZHONGFANYU、YIBINGFANGKONGDENGGONGZUOYOUZHANGKEXUN,YANGZHIZHEDELIYIYEJIANGGENGYOUBAOZHANG。

河北快三官网  WEIBAOZHANGCHUCHANPINZHILIANGANQUAN,YINDAORENMINQUNZHONGYANGCHENGKEXUEJIANKANGWENMINGDESHENGHUOFANGSHI,WEIHUGONGGONGWEISHENGANQUAN,《MULU》GENJUSHIFOUKEYISHIYONG,DUICHUQINJINXINGLEQUFEN。SHUIDIAO、YINHU、BEIJIHUDENGMAOPIDONGWU,YICHANPINLIYONGWEIZHU,DONGTIROUBUYONGYUSHIYONG。

  GENJUJIAYANGCHUQINYUYESHENGDONGWUJIEDINGDEJIBENYUANZEHECHUQINDEDINGYI,MOUXIEZAIMINJIANJUYOUYIDINGSIYANGGUIMODEDONGWUWEILIERU《MULU》。LIRU,HEITIANE、HONGYANDENGQINLEIRENGONGXUNYANGSHIJIANDUAN,ZHONGYUANXUYAOCONGYEWAICAIJI;GUOZILI、ZHUSHUDENGXIEDAIDEBINGYUANTIBEIJINGBUQING,GONGGONGWEISHENGANQUANFENGXIANJIAODA;SHE、WAJIKUNCHONGDENGBUSHUYU《CHUMUFA》GUANLIDEJIAYANGCHUQIN(BURULEIHENIAOLEI)FANWEI,BUYILIERUCHUQINMULU。ZONGZHI,TONGGUOKEXUEJIEDING,YOUXIAOFANGZHILETONGGUOJIANGYESHENGDONGWULIERU《MULU》,JINERGUIBI《JUEDING》JINZHILANSHIYESHENGDONGWUDEYAOQIU。

  《MULU》ZHONGSUOLIECHUQINMINGCHENGWEIDONGWUFENLEIXUEZHONGDE“ZHONG”,ERBUSHIJUTIDEPINZHONG,ZHEIZHONGBIAODAFANGSHIJIANGULEKEXUEXING、ZHUANYEXINGYUSHIJIANXING。ZAISHENGCHANSHIJIANZHONG,CHUQIN“ZHONG”DELEIXINGSHIXIANGDUIGUDINGDE,ERCHUQINPINZHONGSUIZHEXUNHUA、SHENGCHAN、YUZHONGCHUANGXINBUDUANZENGJIA。《MULU》ZAIMEIGEWUZHONGHOUXIANGYINGXIFENLEDIFANGPINZHONG、PEIYUPINZHONGJIPEITAOXI、YINRUPINZHONGJIPEITAOXISANGELEIBIE,QIJUTIDEPINZHONGMINGCHENGFENBIESHOULUYU《PINZHONGMINGLU》ZHONG,JUNTONGGUOLEGUOJIACHUQINYICHUANZIYUANWEIYUANHUIJIANDING、SHENDINGHUORENDING。

  DIFANGPINZHONGSHIZHIZAITEDINGDIYU、ZIRANJINGJITIAOJIANHEJUMINWENHUABEIJINGXIA,JINGLIZHANGQIFEIJIHUAYUZHONGSUOXINGCHENGDEJIAYANGCHUQINPINZHONG。PEIYUPINZHONGSHIZHITONGGUORENGONGXUANYU,ZHUYAOYICHUANXINGZHUANGJUBEIYIZHIXINGHEWENDINGXING,BINGJUYOUYIDINGJINGJIJIAZHIDECHUQINQUNTI。YINRUPINZHONGSHIZHICONGGUOWAIYINJINDEJIAYANGCHUQINPINZHONG。PEITAOXISHIZHILIYONGBUTONGCHUQINPINZHONGHUOZHONGQUNZHIJIANDEZAZHONGYOUSHI,YONGYUSHENGCHANSHANGPINQUNTIDEPINZHONGHUOZHONGQUNDETEDINGZUHE。ZHEISANLEIPINZHONGGEYOUSUOZHANG,HUWEIBUCHONG。

  SUIZHECHUQINYICHUANZIYUANDIAOCHAGONGZUODESHENRU,XINDEDIFANGPINZHONGHAIHUIBEILUXUFAXIAN;WEIMANZURENMENDUOYANGHUADEXIAOFEIXUQIU,TIGAOCHUQINSHENGCHANXINGNENGHECHANPINPINZHI,XINDEPEIYUPINZHONGJIANGBUDUANYUCHENG,YOUSHIHAIHUICONGGUOWAIYINJINYIXIEYOULIANGPINZHONG。ZHEIXIEPINZHONGTONGGUOGUOJIACHUQINYICHUANZIYUANWEIYUANHUIJIANDING、SHENDINGHOU,YI《PINZHONGMINGLU》DEXINGSHIGENGXIN、GONGBU。

  SHUYUKUNCHONGGANGDEFENG、CANMEIYOULIERU《MULU》,DANSHIANZHAO《CHUMUFA》,FENG、CANDEZIYUANBAOHULIYONGHESHENGCHANJINGYING,SHIYONG《CHUMUFA》DEYOUGUANGUIDING,RENGYOUNONGYENONGCUNBUMENGUANLI。GUOJIACHUQINYICHUANZIYUANWEIYUANHUIJIANGYIJU《CHUMUFA》,GONGBUFENG、CANYICHUANZIYUANPINZHONGMINGLU。

河北快三官网  CHENGFENGPOLANGCHAOTOULI,YANGFANQIHANGZHENGDANGSHI。GUOJIACHUQINYICHUANZIYUANWEIYUANHUI、QUANGUOCHUMUZONGZHANJIANGYI《MULU》FABUWEIQIJI,CHONGFENLIYONGGUOJIACHUQINYICHUANZIYUANWEIYUANHUIZHUANJIADEJISHULILIANG,WEI《MULU》GUANCHEZUOHAOJISHUZHICHENG。

  YISHIZUZHIKAIZHANXUANCHUANJIEDU。KAIZHANXILIEXUANCHUAN,ZUZHIQUANWEIJIEDU,YINDAOSHEHUIGEJIEXINGCHENGGUANGFANGONGSHI,KEXUEQUFENKEYANGKEYONGKESHICHUQIN、KEYANGKEYONGBUKESHIJIACHUDENG,ZENGQIANGGONGZHONGSHENGTAIBAOHUHEGONGGONGANQUANYISHI,YANGCHENGKEXUEJIANKANGWENMINGDESHENGHUOFANGSHI。

  ERSHIJIAQIANGCHUQINYICHUANZIYUANBAOHU。GUANCHELUOSHIHAO《GUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGGUANYUJIAQIANGNONGYEZHONGZHIZIYUANBAOHUYULIYONGDEYIJIAN》,JIAQIANGCHUQINYICHUANZIYUANBAOHUTIXIJIANSHE,ZUOHAOCHUQINLIANGZHONGFANYU、SIYANGGUANLIDENGJISHUTUIGUANGYUHEBEIKUAISANGUANWANGGONGZUO,TISHENGWOGUOCHUQINYICHUANZIYUANBAOHUYULIYONGSHUIPING。

河北快三官网  SANSHIJIAKUAIZIZHUXINPINZHONGPEIYU。ZUZHISHISHIXINYIQIDEGUOJIACHUQINYICHUANGAILIANGJIHUA,JUJIAOSHICHANGXUQIUHECHUQINZHONGYEFAZHANPINGJING,JIADAYUANSHICHUANGXINLIDU,JINKUAIPEIYUCHUGENGDUOJUYOUZIZHUZHISHICHANQUANDECHUQINLIANGZHONG,TUIDONGCHUMUYEZHUANXINGSHENGJI,TIGONGGENGDUOYOUZHI、ANQUANDECHUQINCHANPIN。

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